Jordan is located in the heart of the Middle East to the north-west of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, south of Syria, Southwest of Iraq, and to the east of Israel and the Palestinian Authority. Jordan has a port on the Red Sea through Aqaba city, located in the far north of the Gulf of Aqaba.
Total area: 89.213 sq. km
Land: 88.884 sq. km
Population: 6.113, million
Climate and geography:
Jordan has a combination between the climate of the Mediterranean and desert climate, with Mediterranean prevailing in the northern and western parts of the country, desert climate prevails in the vast majority of the country. In general, Jordan has warm, dry summers and mild, wet winter. Range with annual average temperatures between 12-15 degrees Celsius (54-77 Fahrenheit), and up in the summertime highs in the forties (105-115 F) in the desert areas. The average rainfall of 50 mm (1.97 inches) annually in the desert to 800 mm (31.5 inches) in the northern hills, which sometimes falls as snow on some of them.
Jordan enjoys a range of geographical features from the valley of the Jordan River basin in the west to desert in the east, with some small hills in between.
Lowest point: Dead Sea, -408 meters (-1338.6 feet)
Highest Point: Jebel Rum, 1734 meters (5689 feet).
Currency: Jordanian Dinar.
Requirements for obtaining a visa:
Any non-Arab visitor to Jordan, whether for business or tourism, needs to get a visa for entry. The required fee for a visa, according to the length of staying in Jordan, and the nationality of the visitor. Although entrance visas are obtainable at the airport for visitors arriving by plane,as well as those arriving by land.
Getting a visa, usually takes one day from any Jordanian diplomatic mission. Cannot get visas when crossing points. The visas granted by the Jordanian consulates are valid for a period of 3-4 months from the date of issue, and can be issued for multiple entries. And Tourist visas allow a stay in Jordan for one-month period. In any case, this period can easily be extended for another two months, and at the end of this period visitor should leave and re-enter again, or go for immigration procedures if he want to stay more.
In case of failure to renew the visa properly, visitor has to pay a financial penalty at the border when he left the kingdom. If he plan to stay for more than two weeks in the Kingdom, he must register at the nearest police station.
Health Requirements and Recommendations:
Inoculations are not required unless the visitor are traveling from an infected area. If he comes from a country where cholera or yellow fever spread, he will need a vaccination certificate to the Jordan entry point.
Although it is not required, but to have vaccines against polio, tetanus and typhoid is not a bad thing.
Jordan is one of the cleanest and safest countries, but that does not preclude the provision of advice to take some precautions four-star hotels and above have their own filtering systems, so drinking water from the hotel taps is safe. In other areas, bottled water is recommended. And all kinds of vegetables and fruits should be washed, avoid salads and cold meats which have been sitting out for a long time, especially during the summer months.
All Jordanian dairy products are pasteurized and safe. The medical services in Jordan advanced services in all parts of Jordan, and there is a health center or clinic in every town or village. There are hospitals in Amman and Aqaba, Ma'an, Karak, Madaba, Zarqa, Irbid and Ramtha. In larger cities, most doctors have been trained overseas and speak English.
Antibiotics and other drugs that are sold in Western countries are often available in pharmacies in Jordan. And must get a prescription for dispensing drugs with the necessity of making sure you have the generic name where it can be the certain trade name is not available, while it has had no other alternative. If you wear glasses, make sure you bring a spare pair and a copy of Optometry.
There are three values for the departure tax in Jordan: five dinars for departures by land (8jd for Jordanians), five dinars for departures by sea, Aqaba, and five dinars for departures by air (25jd for Jordanians).
A visitor comes to Jordan after obtaining a visa to enter either by a contract with the Tourism and travel Offices or by the visitor himself upon arrival airports or border crossings or by sea and then often follow the procedures they want by having the means of transport moving to the place he wanted, or as program, which has developed by the tourist offices are moved Visitors often either through public transportation or by means of the transfer of a tourist in the case of booking through the tourist offices are in most cases provide a tour guide with the tour group or individuals during his tour to brief them on the public information about the Kingdom, as well as archeological sites and tourist sites in Jordan.
When the intended visiting for example ancient city of Petra is sometimes the visitors already knows wish hotel they will stay in, so they will assess it by prior reservation either way personal or in coordination with the tourism offices and either other when they reach Petra Looking for a hotel that suits him according to his wealth and specifications that wants them to be available some of them stay in hotel for one night or more than one.
Tips and guidance for visitors:
Day 1 :
If you are a one-day visitors we advise you to visit Petra crossing the Siq, Treasury, the royal tombs, the Street of Facades and even museums .
You can visit the altar or the monastery and to reach one of those sites, you should start early in the morning to save time for visiting one or both. And you can start at the beginning of your tour look over the mountains on the treasury and then go to the altar then through the valley an opportunity to see the girl palace and return of the altar or go down via the stairs to the royal tombs, but we recommend you to take a tour guide, so will not get lost there.
Day 2 :
We advise you to start your visit to the archaeological site through the dam and dark valley, through even the royal tombs, we advised to accompany the tour guide because the road is rugged and requires the presence of facilities and if you want to deceased for the third day we advise you to see the sunset of the most beautiful sites with Gorgeous appearance in multiple locations in the region and in the evening you can spend times fun with shopping in the bazaars of East antiques where you can find many souvenirs like silver, jewelry and petty cash and some Arabic cloths in addition to books and publications with valuable information on the country's history, culture.
Also in the evening you can go to albaida by your own car or by taxi cab, where about 8 km]
You can visit the shrine of the Prophet Aaron, in Petra, but you should start off early to the distance and advise you to accompany a guided tour where the road is rugged and you can get on camels or donkeys to get there, where take your trip to that location about five and a half hours its little difficult and at the same time enjoyable ,in the evening you can go to albaida and away from the gate of Petra, a distance of approximately 8 km, where too many taxi to take you there and there is too many recreation places with forest trees, mountains and hills of various height, where visitors and local people having fun with preparing some delicious food mostly the barbecue in the same area.