Renowned for its charm and ancient cultural heritage, Petra marks the achievement of an impressive civilization, the Nabataean Arabs, who perfectly carved the city in its mountains. It was considered the most important strategic location as a link and point of convergence between the Arabian Peninsula to the south and the Levant in the north to the far country of China and to the heart of Europe through Siq. Petra represents a center point to the old trading roads between the Arabian Peninsula, Levant, China and Europe.
The Siq is the main road that lies between the city’s rose mountains, which stand at a height of 80 m and reach up to 1.2 KM, and the end of the Siq. When sightseeing, the visitor will be astounded by the sight of the Treasury, which represents the masterpiece of the ancient city with a height of up to 45 m and width of 30 m, all of which is carved in the mountain.
The city dates back to the first century AD and its design reflects the advance of the Nabataean civilization.